Waste Water and Sewage

Executive Summary
The ICS project provides the solution to the Waste, Water and the Sewage systems through the provision of remote and local control of the movement of the turbulence of the liquid and aqueous solutions. The ICS system incorporates the combination of different integrated systems that control pressure regulates the speed as well as controlling the gate valves in water catchment areas. The ICS system implements the SCADA technology to take the digital management and control of the wastewater and the sewage. The SCADA technology applies the sensor approach methodology whereby the sensor mechanism gets involved in managing and controlling the intake and the pumps used at the various points in the industrial system. The gadgets controlled include the water pumps the distributors and the purifying centers. The SCADA automates the process of the water supply to enhance proportional distribution of water in industries, factories, urban centers, rural areas, the domestic utilization and the agricultural operations like irrigation. The ICS-SCADA system gets applied in the Waste and Sewage system control and disposal. The SCADA systems monitor the discrete data and information concerning the entry of the waste material within the conduit pipes. The applications of the SCADA in the ICS include the pressure hydraulic pumps utilized in the boreholes gas and oil distributing industries.

ICS Industry Architecture Being Designed
The ICS system shall incorporate the utilization of the hardware and the software integration of materials and components. The structure and the design of the ICS-SCADA system shall include the user interface architectural design, the backend and the front end operation interface. The ICS-SCADA systems architecture incorporates the relational and the non-relational database design. The design of the ICS-SCADA control and management structure shall implement the three tires and the two tire client-server based systems to ensure multiple computer-based operations. The system hardware and software components include the dedicated Remote Terminal Units (RTU) and the Radio Telemetry Units for running and controlling the control algorithms for the flow control (Brodsky, & Radvanovsky, 2011). The architecture also incorporates the input and the output systems for the displaying of the graphics, charts and diagrams for the monitored and analyzed values. The video display monitors and the telnet oriented video conferencing system shall get embedded in different terminals to enhance the remote and local troubleshooting and diagnosing of the entire system. The ICS-SCADA system shall incorporate the electromagnetic field sensors for the detection of flaws and dangers imposed within the system to relay the alarms and notifications to end users. The system architecture shall incorporate the installation of the storage devices interlinked with the data and information repository backup systems. The storage system shall implement the VMware cloud computing system to facilitate the storage of data and information for the future decision making. The ICS-SCADA system architecture shall take into consideration the installation and embedding of the artificial intelligent systems to enhance big data analysis as well as data mining and data warehousing for the waste, water, and the sewage control.

1. Overview

The SCADA project shall implement the Redundant Fiber Optic and the Ethernet network. The system shall use the Node system of linking the World Wide Web interface. The proposed SCADA system within the Waste, Water and the Sewage system shall involve the replacement of the Unix SCADA systems with the improved redundant SCADA systems. The project team shall design a comprehensive system that incorporates the mesh network topology. The network topology shall link over 5000 data points using the SCADA System and connect the complete installation and integration of the control systems (Brodsky, & Radvanovsky, 2011).

2. Statement of Need
The government and the water treatment center shall provide the solution to the general public industries and the agricultural sectors through the installation of the water treatment points and plants in different stages. The current problem of impure water requires the application of the sewers and the pump stations in the water treatment and catchment areas. The solution on the waste dumping and flow require the installation of the waste and water treatment plant at various points of water flow. The sewage control and management problem require the implementation of the ICS-SCADA sludge treatment plant in the urban and the industrial areas (Pramod, et al…, 2013). The various treatment points require monitoring of flow turbulence to regulate the speed and pressure of the materials on the transit network.

3. Detailed Description
The ICS-SCADA system shall incorporate the operational interfaces that gather and conduct the entire system control at the various routes and the section of the interface. The operational strategies shall incorporate the implementation of the SCADA Human Machine Interface (HMI) (Dzung, et al…, 2005). The system shall get embedded to the network terminals and the links to facilitate easier reading and interpretation of data and information. The system shall apply the simplified user capabilities over the entire system that guarantee operational and implementation friendly.

ICS Network Architecture
The main physical and logical devices implemented in the ICS-SCADA system involve the processors, the controllers, and the RTU’s. The entire system shall incorporate the connection of the devices via the neutral fiber optic and the Ethernet network. The processing unit shall manage and control the input and the output materials within the SCADA systems. The controllers shall include the Programmable Logic Control (PLC) responsible for automation of observing and analyzing of data and information (IEEE Guide for the Commissioning of Electrical Systems in Hydroelectric Power Plants, 1998). PLC allows easy programming of different applications. The Physical Control Systems (PCS) controls the movement of materials by regulating the speed and pressure. The Remote Terminal Units (RTU’s) have the responsibility for facilitating synchronization between pumps and the sensor mechanisms. The RTU’s adjusts the data and information according to the analysis within the system.

1. Physical and Logical Designs
The relay of data and information shall get implemented through the user of radio frequency signals. The satellite technology shall get combined with the Ethernet and the optical fibers. However, the entire system shall highly apply the peer to peer communication with the establishment of sessions to ensure secure systems (Dzung, et al…, 2005). The system shall mitigate dangers concerned with the interception, hacking and intruder attacks.

2. Protocols
The ICS-SCADA devices utilize different types of protocols as listed below DNP3, Fieldbus, Modbus, and Ethernet (Johnson, & 2010 International Conference on Internet Technology and Secured Transactions2010).

3. Devices

Devices
Open ports

Services
function
IDS and IPS
8080 with Ethernet and serial bus

Controls the input and output of data and information. enhance the encryption and decryption of data and information

Enable user to add use the authentication and verification protocols

PLC

8080, RS 232/422/485 with application of the SMTP, the TCP/ IP and physical connection of the serial bus and RJ – 45

The PLC is responsible for controlling and managing the input and the output ports. The device has responsibility for enhancing crossed cryptography schemes.

Enable the administrator to control the local server, the Ethernet server, the system server and the SCADA control server

HMI

502, 80 and utilizes the OPC, TCP/IP and the Modbus. The physical connection implemented includes the use of the Ethernet, the fiber optic cables with the use of the RJ -45

The HMI provides the friendly user interface.

Allow enabled dial up modem interfacing on local server
RTU

Open port include RS 23 and uses the Modbus, DNP3 and the Ethernet as well as the universal serial bus and the field bus

Provides the control of the Ethernet networks and the user fiber optic cable network

Allow the administrator to control the server and the data base systems.

Table 1: Devices
ICS Security Architecture
The ICS-SCADA system utilizes the software and the hardware firewall to secure the network. The SCADA systems also implement the Intruder Prevention System IPS and the Intruder Detection System (IDS) for securing the system from attack by the intruders and the hackers (Brodsky, & Radvanovsky, 2011). Other security devices include the virtual private networks (VPN) and the demilitarized zone (DMZ).

Promark Smartboards: Revolutionizing Interactive Learning and Collaboration

In today’s fast-paced and technology-driven world, traditional teaching tools are being supplemented, and often replaced, by advanced digital solutions. Among these innovations, Promark Smartboards stand out as a significant advancement in interactive learning and collaboration. These sophisticated tools offer a plethora of features that enhance educational environments and business settings alike, fostering a more engaging and efficient way to share information and ideas.

A Leap in Educational Technology

Promark Smartboards represent a considerable leap in educational technology. Unlike conventional whiteboards, these smartboards integrate digital and physical interaction, allowing educators to create a more immersive and interactive learning experience. Teachers can display digital content directly from their computers, annotate it in real-time, and save these annotations for future reference. This capability not only streamlines lesson delivery but also enhances student engagement by making lessons more dynamic and interactive.

One of the key benefits of Promark Smartboards in education is their ability to cater to various learning styles. Visual learners benefit from the vivid displays and multimedia capabilities, auditory learners from integrated audio features, and kinesthetic learners from the tactile interaction with the board. The smartboard’s interactive nature encourages students to participate actively, which can improve retention and understanding of complex subjects.

Enhancing Collaboration in Business

In the corporate world, Promark Smartboards are transforming how teams collaborate. These smartboards support a range of collaborative tools that are essential in modern workplaces. For instance, during meetings or brainstorming sessions, team members can interact with the smartboard simultaneously, sharing ideas, making annotations, and organizing thoughts in real-time. This fosters a more collaborative and inclusive environment where every participant can contribute effectively.

Moreover, Promark Smartboards come equipped with features that integrate seamlessly with other digital tools commonly used in businesses, such as video conferencing software, project management applications, and cloud storage services. This integration ensures that information shared during meetings is easily accessible and can be reviewed or edited later, enhancing productivity and collaboration even after the meeting has ended.

Advanced Features and User-Friendly Design

Promark Smartboards are designed with advanced features that make them both powerful and user-friendly. They typically include multi-touch capabilities, allowing multiple users to interact with the board simultaneously. This is particularly useful in both educational and business settings where collaboration is key. The boards also feature high-resolution displays that ensure clarity and readability, whether displaying detailed graphs or high-definition videos.

Another standout feature is the seamless connectivity with various devices, including laptops, tablets, and smartphones. This cross-platform compatibility means that users can easily share content from their personal devices onto the smartboard, facilitating a smoother and more integrated workflow. Additionally, the intuitive interface of Promark Smartboards ensures that even those with minimal technical expertise can operate them effectively, reducing the learning curve and maximizing utility.

The Future of Interactive Technology

The impact of Promark Smartboards extends beyond their immediate functionality. They represent a shift towards more interactive and technology-integrated environments. As educational institutions and businesses continue to adopt these smartboards, the future promises even greater innovations in interactive technology. Potential developments could include enhanced artificial intelligence features, more sophisticated data analysis tools, and further integration with emerging technologies such as virtual and augmented reality.

In conclusion, Promark Smartboards are a significant advancement in interactive technology, offering a host of features that enhance learning and collaboration. In educational settings, they cater to diverse learning styles and engage students more effectively. In business environments, they facilitate better collaboration and productivity. With their advanced features and user-friendly design, Promark Smartboards are not just a tool but a catalyst for a more interactive and efficient future. As technology continues to evolve, these smartboards will undoubtedly play a crucial role in shaping the way we learn and work.

Training to be a Dot Net Programmer

Plan

The marketing of myself as a Dot Net Programmer in the job market would entail attention interviews, coming up with a resume and then creating a professional brand. I planned to conduct a search for various publications so as to have a knowhow on how to adequately prepare for the interview. The researcher also planned to leverage two resource persons for the purpose of helping to shed more light to the tasks at hand more especially the task of making a professional brand and preparing for the interview. My plan involved going through various resumes on the Internet and other sources so as to familiarize myself with the major components in containment I a professional resume as that would be helpful during the application for a job in the future. A good personal brand and resume are necessary for winning an employment (Corfield, 2007). I then planned to make sure that the sample had a professional outlook.

I also planned to recap all that I had learned in the previous research tasks towards the area of Dot Net programming so as to make sure that all the knowledge of duties and responsibilities was at my fingertips. I planned to understand the basic tasks and how to carry them out since they would interview me. The other things that the researcher planned to do were to make sure to practice such soft skills as teamwork and collaboration; communication skills; problem solving; critical observation; adaptability; and conflict resolution. The researcher also planned to carry out a search on the newspapers and other platforms that advertise Dot Net programming jobs, make applications and then attend interviews. The attending of interviews would be preceded by a thorough preparation on the same using my resource persons and the other sources.

Action
On March 25, 2016, I began my search on marketing myself as a Dot Net developer for the purpose of getting a suitable employment. The researcher structured the research work in such a way that all the activities would have completion within two weeks that were scheduled for the same. In the first week, I had to make a recap of all that I had learned in the previous research activities concerning Dot Net programming. In the first week I also attending an online training for two days, that is, March 28, 2016, and March 29, 2016, and got to learn many things regarding the such soft skills like good communication, adaptability, conflict resolution, problem-solving, teamwork and collaboration among other skills. I also made a plan for the following week concerning the tasks that I wanted to accomplish in that week so as to prepare adequately for them.

The task that began within the second week was the scrutiny of the sample resumes on the Web so as to familiarize myself with the right structure and the elements that should be in containment. I requested to meet two of my resource person that was working in two different companies in the positions of the assistant human resource managers. I met the resource persons at the same time because I wanted them to help me in different activities that would have me adequately prepared for the interview and the job ahead. The meeting took place in one of the resource person’s offices in the afternoon starting at 2 pm because thy told me that in the morning, they were usually busy. They helped me to prepare for the interview and assisted me with the refining of the resume so that it had a professional look. They then helped me to come up with a professional brand.

Observation
I observed that the preparation for the interview and job was something important. In this iteration, I had to carry out some activities that helped me have adequate preparation for the activities mentioned above. I observed that the revisiting of the things I learned in the previous iterations was vital because it made me remembers everything that I had learned. That gave me the confidence to approach the interview with the assurance that I would pass it. The other thing that the researcher observed was that the practice of soft skills is a requirement for any employee because they have to be conversant with the basic of how to communicate and behave apart from their professional qualifications (Duncan & Dunifon, 2012). The daily conducting of their duties require those soft skills. Otherwise, they would become ineffective in the execution of their duties.

The researcher also observed that the interview must be preceded by adequate preparation and the preparation of the resume as well as the training of how to perform a task related to one’s profession. I observed that the interviewers have some common questions that they ask a new employee and the resource persons helped understand how to respond to them adequately. The most common question, for instance, was, ‘If we give you chance to work in this company, what new idea you will bring to the area of Dot Net project development?’ The professional brand was a requirement for making sure that a job seeker reaches many people (Dixson & Arruda, 2013). I observed that an online profile of the professional brand would help in marketing oneself effectively, and it would provide the chance for making changes as appropriate.

Reflection
The iteration on marketing myself as Dot Net programmer went on well in almost every area that I wanted to address. I addressed most of them although not as adequate as I would have wanted. The various sources that I leverage to find information regarding interviews and practice of other skills were very rich with relevant information that I wanted. The online training on the practice of soft skills also helped me to have all the soft skills that are my requirement for any professional. The resource persons were also helpful because they complemented what I had gathered from the Web and other sources, ensuring that I was well versed in all the things that are vital to getting and maintaining employment. I met them during the time when they were not very busy, and so they willingly gave me the information I wanted to get from them.

A few things did not go as was planned among them being the lack of covering everything that was in my pan for this iteration. Among the things that were planned and never happened include the use of sources like newspapers to find job advertisements and the failure to scrutinize thoroughly the various job offerings advertised on the Internet. I plan to create more time for the activities in my plan in the future so as to make sure that I perform every activity as planned for the purpose of garnering more knowledge and experience in the area I will be conducting research. Another thing that I did not do was the visiting of companies to take my resume and applications as I only relied on the job offerings on the Web. In the future, I would have to apply online and also visit companies to seek for a job.